There are many types of knives, used in multiple and varied fields. Sometimes it is hard to find good information, especially with regard to the kinds of kitchen knives that are most often used.

Professional kitchen knives

However, it is possible to group the different types of knives into distinct categories, to make it easier to find one another.

The so-called utility knives firstly consist mainly of kitchen and butcher knives. Depending on countries, even regions and cities, they take different forms, varying with Western and Japanese culinary traditions. In the first category, we will find knives such as the steward, the oyster knife or the boner, while our Asian confreres include the chef’s knife called Santoku , the fish knife (Deba hocho), the knife for vegetables (Nakiri hocho) or the Chinese chopper.

Outdoor Knives

In utility knives, one must also think of all those used for sculpture, engraving, but also agriculture or building.

Then there are fighting knives, which are also called tactical knives, see tactical knives here. They are distributed in military or police circles, and include tools such as survival knives or machetes. Others, more technical, are designed as weapons in the image of the German knife KM2000.

Finally, sporting knives are used for outdoor hunting, for example. For this discipline, different types of knives are used: those to kill the game, those to cut it and treat the animals hunted, and those that serve as multifunctional tools during hunting or camping.


The knife is an essential element in everyday life, although many technological inventions have replaced some of its uses. It is nevertheless an indispensable daily tool, mainly in the field of cooking, and especially during meals!

What are the main types of knives?